Federal Employee Motivation during Government Downsizing: A Literature Review ►Darrell Bratton
ABSTRACT The federal budget crisis has come to a boiling point and federal employees are feeling the pain as well. Motivation of federal employees is a current topic that needs to be addressed as the government is downsizing at an ever increasing rate. With pay freezes, pay cuts, and now downsizing, Herzberg’s research based on the Motivation/Hygiene theory will be looked at as a way of predicting how to motivate federal employees while the government is downsizing. There is a dearth of current research related to the motivation of federal employees during downsizing. Seminal research is reviewed as well as some recent research on motivation and downsizing. From this literature review, the gap in the research reveals that future research can be based on data from the U.S. Office of Personnel Management; however, the study should be longitudinal and specific to an agency so that a representative sample can be analyzed. Keywords: Federal employee, motivation, downsizing, cutback management
INDIGENOUS MANAGEMENT THOUGHTS, CONCEPTS AND PRACTICES: The Case of the Igbos of Nigeria ►Oghojafor, Ben Emukufia Akpoyomare, Alaneme, Gloria Chinyere and Kuye, Owolabi Lateef
ABSTRACT This paper examines core values and practices of traditional Igbo culture which have semblance with the modern management approaches and theories. The paper adopted the matching concept method and developed a model of relationship. It argues that the Igbo societies managed their affairs effectively in a manner similar to selected scientific principles and practices of the West even though it was not documented. It also submits that native management structures in advance encouraged the successful adoption of management practices from the western culture. In this paper, Human relations, Teams, Motivation, Management Functions and Decision Making are posited as African and core values of Ndigbo (the Igbos) which supported the movement of management theories in useful direction.
Keywords:Ndigbo, Umunna, Management, Human Relations, Teams, Decision Making
HUMAN CAPITAL AND SURVIVAL OF SMALL SCALE FOOD PROCESSING FIRMS UNDER ECONOMIC CRISIS IN CENTRAL JAVA INDONESIA ►Palmarudi Mappigau and Agussalim M
ABSTRACT This study objective was investigate the determine factors of the survival of small food processing firm during the economic crisis. As much 102 small firm wirh traditional of beef processing and preservation which producing Jerked beef and Beef Floss located in Central Java Indobneseia were choised as sample. Primary and secondari data collected in 2009 when global economic crissis hit Indonesia, and the datas analyzed using path analysis. This study concluded that ; (a) human capital (spesific human capital) namely motivation start ups and industry experience in the same field have positively effects on entreprepreneur’s competencies, adaptation strategy, and the survival of firms. However, the contribution effect of motivation tend to be larger than industry experience; (b) Entrepreneur’s competencies have a positive effect on the adaptation strategy and the survival of firms. Hoewver, contribution effect of entrepreneurial competency tend to be larger than managerial competency; and (c) adaptation strategy has positively effect on the survival of firms; and (d) human capital have affects on the survival of firms through entreprenerur’s competencies (entreprepreneurial and Managerial Competencies) and adaptation strategy . A better understanding of this finding will benefit implication for future research in the survival of small food processing firms under economic resession aspects, and also it will benefit implication for policymaker in supporting improved competitiveness of the small food processing firms and improving human capital for the indonesia SMEs entrepreneurs Keyword: Human capital, entrepreneur, competency, adaptation strategy, survival, small food processing firm
The Effect of Corporate Governance on Bank's Dividend Policy:Evidence from Jordan ►Demeh Ahmad Daradkah and Moh'd Mahmoud Ajlouni
ABSTRACT This study aims at investigating the relationship between corporate governance measures and dividends policy, along with other control variables, such as tax charges, growth rate, market valuation of the bank’s book value and profitability. Using all banks listed in Amman Stock Exchange during the period 2001-2009, the analysis is performed by employing each of the institutional ownership and top shareholders, separately, as a proxy of corporate governance (GC) and dividends payout ratio (DPR) as a proxy for the dividends. The empirical results show strong evidence on the importance of one simple CG measure, i.e. institutional ownership concentration or top shareholders, on bank’s DPR. Similarly, there were evidences on the effect of tax charges, total assets growth rate, market valuation (MVBV) and profitability (ROE) on dividends policy. Thus, banks with more institutional investors or top shareholders have higher DPR, which is consistent with agency models of dividends. In addition, taxes, market valuation and profitability are negatively associated with DPR, which is consistent with stock valuation models. Keywords: Corporate Governance, Dividend Policy, Banks, Jordan.